Arts and Culture

Explore how innovative measurement technology is used in the field of Arts & Cultural Heritage

3D Scans of Countermarks on Coins to Retrace Roman Troop Movements

A handful of “asses” to trace historic events? The Archaeological Heritage Office of Saxony (Dresden, Germany) uses this innovative approach to study Roman copper coins (asses) to date sites of Roman troop activities between the rivers Rhine and Elbe.

The 3D Digitisation of the Hadrian's Temple

The Hadrian’s Temple, discovered in 1956 in Ephesus, Turkey, is undeniably one of the most significant historical monuments in the region. As far back as the summer of 1957, comprehensive restoration work had begun and was completed in 1958. Questions about the building’s chronology, function or reconstruction details, however, could never be conclusively answered. A special project, initiated by the Austrian Archaeological Institute (ÖAI) and funded by the Austrian Science Fund, has set out to shed light on these unsolved aspects.

Digital Fingerprints of Paintings

State-of-the-art scanning technology meets world famous painting: Three-dimensional data constitutes the ideal basis for the documentation of delicate paintings and allows for far more detailed studies than using the original paintings. In contrast to the often very time consuming actual creation of a painting, the AICON SmartScan captures the artwork swiftly and easily, thereby ensuring the exact correspondence of the 3D coordinates with their colour information by simultaneously capturing the 3D data with their respective colour texture. 

Mold Making in any Dimension

In order to manufacture authentic exhibition models for display in museums, a model maker does not only have to be technically very skilled but also has to have a good sense of imagination. When it comes to the task of creating a life-size, authentic replica of a sperm whale, in particular the dimensions of the model pose peculiar challenges to the execution.

The Early Roots of Human Technology

When our earliest ancestors began breaking stone pebbles to create sharp cutting edges, our cultural development became inexorably linked with tool use. As a part of a Ph.D. research, a large sample of stone tools from archaeological sites across southern Kenya is scanned to 3D analyse how trade and exchange networks were formed among these cattle herders.

Three-dimensional research of thousands of years old cuneiform scripts

In 1925, the German-American Professor Hermann Vollrath Hilprecht (1859-1925) donated his collection of ancient oriental artifacts to the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Germany. The professor who took part in numerous excavations, for example in the city of Nippur, one of the most significant cities of ancient Mesopotamia, did so in memory of his late wife who passed away in Jena in 1902. Hilprecht‘s legacy comprises a total of 3,300 cuneiform tablets originating from Mesopotamia. 

3D Data to Study the Linear B Tablets from the Palace of Nestor

The Linear B tablets from the Palace of Nestor at Pylos (Greece) are administrative documents from the Bronze Age Greek world and are considered the earliest known form of Greek. These clay tablets were accidently fired in a destructive fire at the end of the late Bronze Age; thus, preserving them in the archaeological record until discovered in the early 1900’s. However, being preserved in this manner resulted in many of the tablets being broken, if not shattered, and are currently in a fragile state. 

The Gargoyles of the Freiburg Cathedral

The figure of speech „carved in stone“ implies eternal and indestructible, a fact which however does unfortunately not apply to the unique architectural decoration features of the Freiburg Cathedral in Germany. In fact, very real ravages of time are chipping away especially at the exterior masonry: Weathering and increasing air pollution are taking their toll on the variously shaped reliefs and sculptures, transforming the medieval building into an extensive continuous construction site. 

Scanning for the American-Mongolian "Deer Stone Project"

Long distances, extreme temperature differences and adventurous transport conditions: The “Deer Stone Project”, a cooperation of the Smithsonian Museum Conservation Institute (Washington, USA) and Mongolian scientists, has presented exceptional challenges on mankind and technology alike. High-precision 3D scanning technology by AICON was put to the test by scanning carved stone monoliths dating back to the Bronze Age located in the province of Hovsgol Aimag in Nothern Mongolia.

3D White light scanning at the historical huts of Scott and Shackleton

KO21 is a long-term multidisciplinary study investigating, amongst other aspects, the effects of biological and non-biological deterioration on the Heroic Era huts of the two famous British polar explorers Robert Falcon Scott and Ernest Shackleton on Ross Island.  

Teeth and Bones of the European Sabre-Toothed Cat

The curved canine tooth serves as namesake — and its length of more than 10 cm indicates at the same time that you cannot compare the extinct European sabre-tooth cat with today‘s domestic cat: The bone and tooth remains found in Schöningen (Germany) belonged to a young animal with a shoulder height of approximately 1.1 meters and about 200 kilogramms weight. Nowadays, this physique corresponds to the body of a lion or a tiger!

Looking into the Evolution of Mankind Through the Findings of Fossil Teeth

In the department of Paleoanthropology and Messel Research of the Frankfurt based Senckenberg Research Institute and National History Museum, very fine textures of tooth surfaces are scientifically examined by aid of high-resolution virtual tooth models, with the main emphasis being on the molar teeth of human beings and other primates.

The “Weary Heracles”

An extraordinary story lies behind a broken “Weary Heracles” statue made of marble whose lower and upper part have been in two geographically opposing parts of the world for decades. The objective of a 3D scanning project in 2005 was to digitally record both parts of the statue and to combine the respective 3D models on the computer. 

Arts and Culture

In the course of history, humankind has created a rich cultural heritage in architecture, fine arts, archaeology and palaeontology, to name just a few. These magnificent...

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